objectives and innovation
Problems to be solved
Theoretical predictions of future levels of the most important greenhouse gases
cannot be verified without knowledge of today's sources (and sinks) of these
gases. Furthermore, without a sound and credible scientific understanding, it
is very difficult to gain consensus to move forward on policy. Continued
uncertainty about for example the importance of carbon sinks or the exact
national greenhouse gas emissions will further limit the implementation and use
of instruments aimed at reducing these emissions.
Scientific objectives and approach
The CHIOTTO-Infra project objective is to build an improved infrastructure for
the continuous monitoring of the concentrations of greenhouse gases on the
European continent above the surface layer using tall towers. The project is
based on and extends existing research projects (AEROCARB, T-COS and TACOS).
This will be an important step towards a fully operational continuous observing
system in the framework of the Kyoto Protocol for the sources and sinks of the
most important greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O,
CO, SF6) over Europe.
We have identified as major end users of the CHIOTTO-Infra data a large
scientific community worldwide in the field of atmospheric sciences as well as
stakeholders and policy makers involved in the Post-Kyoto decision process
related to the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases. Once fully operational,
this observing system for sources and sinks of greenhouse gases will be the
only independent tool for evaluating the policy agreements, such as the Kyoto